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Air Quality / Pollution
 
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Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981

Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 Government of India enacted to arrest the deterioration in the air quality. The act prescribes various functions for the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) at the apex level and State Pollution Control Boards at the state level.:

 
The main functions of the Central Pollution Control Board are as follows:
  • To advise the Central Government on any matter concerning the improvement of the quality of the air and the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.
  • To plan and cause to be executed a nation-wide programme for the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.
  • To provide technical assistance and guidance to the State Pollution Control Board.
  • To carry out and sponsor investigations and research related to prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.
  • To collect, compile and publish technical and statistical data related to air pollution; and
  • To lay down and annual standards for the quality of air.
The main functions of the State Pollution Control Boards are as follows:
  • To plan a comprehensive programme for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution and to secure the execution thereof.
  • To advise the State Government on any matter concerning prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.
  • To collect and disseminate information related to air pollution.
  • To collaborate with Central Pollution Control Board in programme related to prevention, control and abatement of air pollution; and
  • To inspect air pollution control areas, assess quality of air and to take steps for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution in such areas.